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Public bathroom in costa rica
October 13, 2021

Flushing Toilet Paper in Costa Rica: The No. 1 Rule About Going No. 2

Visitors to this country are often mystified by the seemingly universal rule that you can’t flush toilet paper in Costa Rica. Typically, they learn of this from a sign on a bathroom wall instructing them to place toilet paper in the trash can and not in the toilet.

Paper sign above toilet reads "Please don't throw toilet paper in the toilet bowl. Thank you"
Signs like these are ubiquitous in Costa Rican bathrooms.

Except in exclusive hotels and gated communities that are constructed with advanced plumbing, flushing toilet paper in Costa Rica is a no-no. The simple reason for the request is that Costa Rica’s small and antiquated septic systems can’t accommodate discarded toilet paper without clogging.

Septic tank warning about toilet paper
This is a typical bathroom sign at Extremo Park in Monteverde.

At the risk of being indelicate, bathroom etiquette in Costa Rica, particularly in homes, involves discarding the most, shall we say, discolored sheets down the toilet. The rest should go in the bin. After a while, this becomes automatic, but not everyone is inclined to embrace the practice.

This heads up – pun intended – is an alert that learning proper toilet etiquette in Costa Rica can save you from an embarrassing bathroom emergency. Many long-term residents like myself have adjusted so well to this rule that when we return to the United States, we automatically toss rather than flush.

Image of proper toilet etiquette
Unlike most places in Costa Rica, this sign actually encourages toilet paper flushing.

Bathroom etiquette around the world

Spanning the globe, toilet facilities and hygiene customs vary widely. Washing rather than wiping is engrained for many citizens of our planet. About two-thirds of the world squat rather than sit. As for toilet paper, seasoned world travelers know to bring their own wipes or tissues on trips.

What would seem to be a simple bodily function is elevated to high tech in Japan, where commodes can resemble an airplane cockpit. African countries offer a hole in the ground, and, as I once experienced, may include an audience of curious Maasai. Most of India relies on a bucket and water. In Islamic countries, the right hand is noble, so it is assigned for eating while the left is for wiping. From birth, Muslims learn to not ever mix the two. Paris now has open-air urinals to discourage public urination. Lavatories in China are called squat toilets, which describes the action needed.

A sign in a Costa Rican public toilet that states " Depost the role within the dump"
Lost in translation: If you think this bathroom sign is badly written, you should see their menu.

A trip to Argentina (a country that imagines itself to be European) provides an introduction to the bidet. Bidets supplement (or replace) toilet paper by supplying pressurized water for cleaning. In French, bidet means pony, evoking an image of how you use the damned thing. Some research reveals that bidets can have multiple purposes, including foot washing and bathing babies. While I pride myself on adjusting to Costa Rican latrine habits, the bidet is outside my comfort zone. I’m just fine with tossing the T.P. in the wastebasket.

You'll occasionally encounter a bidet in Costa Rica - a great alternative to toilet paper.

Commercially packaged toilet paper is a relatively new advancement. Until it was deemed a necessity with the introduction of indoor plumbing in the 20th century, folks took hay, wool, Sears and Roebuck catalog pages or even corn cobs to the outhouse. In the ‘30s, some brands of toilet paper boasted that they were splinter-free.

Toilet paper is so ingrained in American culture that an entire Seinfeld show was based on a dilemma of running out of it in a public restroom. In a classic episode, the character Elaine asks someone in the next stall if she can “spare a square.” The woman refuses, leading to an argument about how and why loaning even one ply should or should not be a kindness among strangers.

Creation of toilet paper in factory
On a roll: Toilet paper moves down an assembly line at a factory.

Today, toilet paper in the United States is a $31 billion consumer-driven industry. Scott Paper Company and Charmin vie for the softest, most hygienic and most ecological brand. The success of their efforts was evidenced by the scarcity of toilet paper in the early days of the pandemic. It is estimated that each North American uses 140 rolls of toilet paper annually.

What can I use instead of toilet paper?

For anyone turning up their nose at the non-flushing prospect when visiting Costa Rica, there is an alternative. Pack a few rolls of toilet paper made of biodegradable bamboo, a sustainable product that won’t clog the plumbing. This septic-safe option can be purchased online.

Image of bamboo bathroom tissue in package
Bamboo toilet paper is said to be safe for septic systems.

Note that Central and South American bathrooms in bus stations and in public buildings often require payment. These facilities request a nominal fee, perhaps 100 colones in Costa Rica. In return, you get a wad of toilet paper that the attendant cordially hands you as if you’d won the lottery.

Public bathroom in costa rica which requires payment
Public bathrooms vary widely around the world.

The toilets often appear to date back to Costa Rica’s independence in 1821. It is recommended that you close your eyes, hold your nose and quickly accomplish your mission.

Public bathroom in costa rica
This is an example of a public bathroom in Costa Rica.

Chief Seattle is credited with saying, “Take only memories. Leave only footprints.” The quote, written in Spanish, appears in the entrance of various Costa Rican beaches and national parks.

Image of footprints in the sand with writing which reads "take only memories leave nothing but footprints"
A good policy when traveling.

When facing the prospect of to flush or not to flush in Costa Rica, one can either apply the chief’s wise words or bring along a roll of bamboo paper.

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4 thoughts on “Flushing Toilet Paper in Costa Rica: The No. 1 Rule About Going No. 2

  • on March 22, 2023

    I think the theory also needs to be considered in the type of tp as special water biodegradable tp breakdown as soon as water touched it

  • Melissa
    on November 2, 2022

    Ugh. This is a sociopathic attitude, dude. I am not saying you, Jacque, are a sociopath, but this is narcissistic and rather ugly of you…and one of the reasons people hate tourists. Please stay home until you’ve repaired your broken moral compass.

  • Jacque
    on October 29, 2022

    I’m a tourist.
    I will flush all my paper
    By the time it’s blocked, I’ll be long gone

    • Karl Kahler
      on November 1, 2022

      If you ever had to clean out a septic system clogged by toilet paper (hint: YUCK), you would understand why this rule is widely in effect in Costa Rica. We hope you will rethink your position on this and not force property owners to perform this expensive and disgusting chore just because you insist on flushing TP. When in Rome….


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